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Martin Luther King (1929-1968)
Martin Luther King was another outstanding person of the United States. He was the first black American who won the full civil rights for black people.
Martin Luther King was born in 1929 in Atlanta, to the family of a black pastor. He graduated from the University of Boston where he got a doctor's degree in theology in 1955. Later he was a pastor of a Baptist church in Montgomery where black people lived in strong limitation of their civil rights. The blacks of the city followed King who believed in peaceful protests against the government. Black people of the city went to restaurants and demanded the same rights as white customers. They sat there for hours until they were served. A lot of them were arrested.
In 1963 a big march took place in Washington, D.C. It was organized by Martin Luther King. About 250,000 Americans took part in it.
In 1968 King was lolled by a white man and the nation was shocked. Martin Luther King still remains a great Person in American history and there is Martin Luther King Day in the USA when people remember what he did for the black people of the country.

Вариант 2

While many Americans know that the 20th century's most famous civil rights leader, Martin Luther King Jr., was assassinated in Memphis, Tenn., on April 4, 1968, fewer may remember that he was in Memphis to support 1,300 sanitation workers who were in the throes of a bitter, difficult strike. The night before he was murdered, King delivered his eloquent "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech to strikers, their family members and supporters who had crammed into Mason Temple in the city.

History points to King's poignant, powerful words as an eerie foreshadowing of the fate that was to befall him the next day. But it should be noted that King's last speech was also a testament to his commitment to the labor movement. His numerous historical references and Biblical stories firmly established the link between the union members' battle for fair treatment and equality on the job with the broader, fundamental battle for basic human rights. Martin Luther King Jr. recognized that labor's fight for economic justice and dignity were intertwined with the civil rights movement.

Last Updated (Saturday, 27 March 2010 09:53)